Extending the Integrated Resource Planning Process to Include Water Reuse and Other Nontraditional Water Sources
Type: Decision Making Tool
Year Published: 2007
Funding Partners: Bureau of Reclamation, California State Water Resources Control Board, City of Phoenix
Total Investment: $179,879 (Cash: $123,000, In Kind: $56,879)
Principal Investigator: Robert S. Raucher, Ph.D., Stratus Consulting Inc.
Integrated Resource Planning (IRP) is a planning approach that water resource agencies have been using with growing frequency as a way of evaluating and balancing their water supply and water demand management options. Nontraditional Water Supply (NTWS) options include reclamation (i.e., water recycling), desalination (coastal or groundwater), and stormwater use.
Goals and Objectives
The project provides guidance and examples of how water planners and managers can use the Integrated Resource Planning (IRP) process as an objective and balanced way to explore the relative merits of considering nontraditional water supply (NTWS) options alongside their suite of more typical water supply and demand-side alternatives.
The approach consisted of reviewing the key features and steps involved in the IRP process, and then providing a series of chapters that address specific challenges and opportunities for incorporating NTWS options into the IRP process. The topics addressed in each chapter are described below. The approach used to develop these materials includes case studies, professional experience as obtained from discussions with practitioners, and literature reviews.
- Nontraditional IRP Leadership
- Water Supply Reliability
- Stakeholder and Public Input
- Regulatory and Institutional Issues
- Incorporating Environmental Externalities
- Water and Wastewater Collaboration with Reuse
- IRP Analytical Tools and Models
- Agenda for Suggested Future Research
Findings and Conclusions
This report provides guidance and illustrative examples to water supply and wastewater managers—and other relevant planning and regulatory entities—on how to use the Integrated Resource Planning process as an objective and balanced way to explore the relative merits of considering NTWS options alongside their suite of more traditional water supply alternatives.
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